|The Kingdom is divided into regions called governorates; each is headed by a
Governor or Ameer. The title of Ameer was derived from the Islamic history,
since the ruler of a province used to be called Ameer.
The 13 Regions are:
-Jizan or Jazan
the Capital of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is located in the central region.
It has more than 3 million people. It consists of 19 towns, the most important
of which are Al Derriyah, Al Kharj, Al Majmaa, and Al Dawadmy, in addition to
Riyadh city, the center of the province.
The city of Makkah
Al-Mukarrama is the Holy Capital of Saudi Arabia where it has the Honorable
Ka'aba, and the Qeblah of Muslims all over the world. It consists of 11 major
areas, the most important ones are Jeddah and
Taif, in addition to the city of Makkah, the center of the Province.
Its capital, Al-Madinah
Al-Munawarah, has the Holy Mosque of the Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon
him) and his graveyard. Al-Madinah is considered to be the second Holy City
after Makkah Al-Mukarramah. Millions of Muslims come to visit the Holy Prophet's
Mosque. The most important cities are: Al-Madinah and Yanbu industrial city.
It is situated in the southwestern part. Its capital is Abha. The Province
consists of 10 towns, the most important of these are Khamis Mushait, Bisha, Al
Namas, and Mahayel Assir.
The Eastern Region is extended along the Arabian Gulf and it covers the
eastern part of the Kingdom. It also includes a large portion of the Empty
Quarter (Al-Rub'a al Khali). The Eastern Region is consisted of 10 towns. The
most important towns are: Al Khubar, Al Ahsa, Al Jubail, Hafr Al-Batin, and Al
Qateef. Al-Dammam is
the capital of the Eastern Region.
Hail province is located in the middle of the northern part of Saudi Arabia.
The capital is the city of Hail. The Province consists of 3 major towns: Baqaa,
Al Ghazala, and Al Shanan.
The Northern Boundaries are extended along the international borders with
Iraq and Jordan in the extreme north of the Kingdom. Its capital is Ara'ar. The
Province consists of two major towns, Rafha' and Tareef.
It is located in the center of the kingdom at the north of the middle region.
Al-Qassim governorate is consisted of 10 governorates, the most important of
them are Oniza, Al-Rass, Al- Mizanab, and Bakiriah. Breida city is the
It is situated in the southwestern part of the Kingdom. Its capital is the
city of Najran. The Region is formed from 6 governorates. The most important of
them are Sharoura and Habouna.
The region of Al-Baha is considered as one of the smallest regions in the
Kingdom (11,ooo Kilometer cube). It is located in the southwestern part of Saudi
Arabia. It consists from 6 governorates, and the most important ones are:
Beljarshy, Almandaq, and Almekhwah. Al-Baha city is the capital.
It is located in the southwestern part of the kingdom. Its lands extend along
the red sea for more than 300 kilometer. It consists of 14 towns, the most
important ones are Sabia and Abu Arish, in addition to the city of Jazan, the
center of the province.
Tabouk Province is in the northwestern part of the Kingdom. It is formed of 5
governorates, the most important of them are: Al Wajeh and Diba, in addition to
Tabouk city, the center of the province.
It is situated in the northern part of the kingdom. It is formed of three
governorates which are Skaka, the capital, Dowmat Aljandal, and Alqurayat.