The development which took place in the Kingdom linked the three cities into what was almost a single city, known as Dammam Area and run by a single municipal administration. The three cities, whose total area is 718 square kilometers, also have local administrations. Each city has its own special characteristics and role in giving the area its present shape, and the dozens of development projects carried out in the area have also played a part.
Located in the Kingdom’s Eastern province, Dammam Area is surrounded by the Arabian Gulf to the north, east and south and extends westward to the Dahnaa desert.
Dammam Area’s average annual temperature is 25℃. The climate is generally hot in a summer and moderate in other seasons of the year. Gentle winds blowing from the Gulf help to improve the climate, and the area’s location near the Gulf and on its coasts narrows the difference between night and daytime temperatures.
King Fahad Bridge
It is a twenty-five kilometers bridge which connects between Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. This bridge has 3 lanes in each direction. From the Saudi side, the bridge starts from Al-Aziziyah south to Khobar, and runs for 25km over Gulf water to end at Al-Jisr area near Manama, the capital of Bahrain. King Fahad Bridge is the longest in the Middle East and the second in the world, its 66,000m² man-made island, contains the buildings of King Fahad Bridge General Cooperation, two mosques, and two restaurants. The bridge has a noticeable economical value with positive reflection on commercial and tourist activities in both Saudi Arabia and Bahrain.
Saudi Aramco is an international petroleum company with the world's largest oil reserves - over one quarter of the global total. The roots of Saudi Aramco go back nearly seven decades. In 1933, shortly after Saudi Arabia was unified, the Government granted a concession to Standard Oil of California who recognized the potential of oil as a valuable export commodity and a source of revenue to begin building our nation. Standard Oil of California, the parent company of Chevron, was joined later by several other major oil companies and the venture became known as Aramco - the Arabian American Oil Company. In 1938, after five long years of exploration, oil was discovered in commercial volume when a well named Dammam Number 7, near today's headquarters in Dhahran, began to flow -- and ushered in a new era for Saudi Arabia. Things moved quickly, and in 1939 King 'Abd al-'Aziz visited Ras Tanura to inaugurate the first shipload of Saudi crude oil ever exported. The young Kingdom was now officially launched into the international petroleum industry.