Official Name

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


(Al-Mamlaka al-Arabiya as-Saudiya)

Capital

Riyadh (Population 3,500,000)

Area

2,149,690 square kilometers

(5.7 times greater than the size of Japan)

Population

29.2 million (2012)

Saudi 19.84 million / Non-Saudi 9.36 million

Language

Arabic

Religion

Islam

Head of State and Prime Minister

King Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

National Day

September 23, commemorating the foundation of the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.

Currency

Saudi Riyal (SR)

3.75 SR= $ 1

Highest Court

Supreme Council of Justice

Administrative Regions

Al-Baha, Al-Jouf, Asir, Eastern, Hail, Jizan, Madinah, Makkah, Najran, Northern Border, Qasim, Riyadh, Tabouk

   
   

   
 Flag

green background, with in white letters the Muslim creed in Arabic:

There is no god but God: Muhammad is the Messenger of God."

   

   
 Emblem

a date palm, representing vitality and growth, and two crossed swords, symbolizing justice and strength rooted in faith.

   

   
 Location

southwest Asia, at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa; extending from the Red Sea in the west to the Arabian Gulf in the east; bordered on the north by Jordan, Iraq and Kuwait, on the south, by Yemen and Oman, and on the east by the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Bahrain.

   

   
 Anthem, "Sarei Lil Majd Walaya"

Translation:

Speed up your pace towards glory and loftiness

My Glory is for the Creator of Heaven

Raise the green streaming fly high, carrying the written light

Oh my beloved country repeat Allah Akbar (God is Great)

Oh my beloved country you have lived as an honor for the Muslims

Long Live the King for the Homeland and the Flag

   

   
 Terrain

varied; fairly barren and harsh, with salt flats, gravel plains and sand deserts; a few man-made lakes but no permanent streams; in the south, the Rub Al-Khali (Empty Quarter), the largest sand desert in the world; in the southwest, mountain ranges of over 9,000 feet.


   

   
 Climate

June through August, over 110 degrees Fahrenheit midday in the desert; humidity in coastal regions up to 100 percent; elsewhere, mild; possible winter temperatures in the northern and central regions dropping below freezing; rainfall, from none at all for up to 10 years in the Rub Al-Khali, to 20 inches a year in the mountains of Asir Province.

   

   
 Government

Islamic state based on principles prescribed by the Holy Qur'an and Shari'ah (Islamic law); Provincial Council System, Consultative Council (Majlis Al-Shura), and Council of Ministers.

 
   

   
 Telecom

Country Code 966

Area Codes

                  -Riyadh 1

                  -Jeddah/Makkah/Taif 2

                  -Dammam/Dhahran 3

                  -Madinah/Tabuk/Yanbu 4

   

   
 Time

Greenwich Mean Time plus three (GMT+3) = Eastern Standard Time plus eight (seven during Daylight Savings Time).

   

   
 Calendars

Islamic (Hijrah), dating from emigration of the Prophet Muhammad from Makkah to Madinah; weekend, Thursday and Friday.

   

   
 The 12 months of the Islamic lunar year

Muharram, Safar, Rabi' Al-Awal, Rabi' Al-Akher, Jumada Al-Awal, Jumada Al-Akher, Rajab, Sha'ban, Ramadan, Shawwal. Dhu Al-Qadah , Dhu Al-Hajjah.

   

   
 Holidays

closure of all offices and schools on Eid Al-Fitr, the feast of the breaking of the fast, from the evening of the last day of Ramadan through the third day of Shawwal; and Eid Al-Adha, the culmination of the Hajj, from the tenth through twelfth of Dhu Al-Hajjah.

   

   
 Business

Government offices Saturday through Wednesday from 7:30 am to 2:30 pm; private businesses from 8:00 am to noon and 3:00 pm to 6:00 pm; general banking from 8:00 am until noon and from 5:00 pm until 8:00 pm and markets and shops from 8:00 am until 10:00 pm.

   

   
   

The History of Saudi Arabia

   

The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

   


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